Blowing smoke

published on July 1, 2017 by Stephanie Lake, MJ Milloy and Zach Walsh in iPOLITICS

Last month, Bill C-45, also known as the Cannabis Act, passed its second reading in the House of Commons €” the culmination of several days and late nights of debate among members of Parliament about the proposed framework for legalized cannabis.

€˜Perplexing’ might be a good word to describe many of the arguments made in the House. Some were obscure to the point of entertainment (just look up #toasterbud), but others were disconcerting for those of us researching cannabis and public health.

While it’s hard to resist the amusement of watching our elected representatives engage each other in a serious debate using words like “doobie€ and “reefer€ €” and predicting that children will use toaster ovens to dry out and smoke homegrown cannabis, for every embarrassing cannabis pun or laughably far-fetched “what-if€ scenario, there were just as many unchecked scientific-sounding claims about the public health impacts of cannabis policy.

But to what extent are these claims rooted in reality? MPs are not required to cite supporting sources of evidence in House debates, often preventing the public from critically analyzing the validity of their statements.

So we set out to unpack three of the most common claims heard in House of Commons about the health and social impacts of cannabis legalization in other jurisdictions €” and test them against current scientific evidence.

Claim #1: Legalization has led to increased rates of cannabis use among youth in Colorado and Washington

The governing Liberal MPs have been tireless in emphasizing that youth are at the center of their plan to legalize cannabis. Noting that Canada’s youth lead the world’s richest nations in rates of cannabis use, supporters of the bill have pointed to the failings of prohibition, arguing that regulating and restricting access to cannabis will “keep it out of the hands of children€.

The opposition Conservatives have never missed an opportunity to claim that this legislation €” which allows up to four cannabis plants per household and protects youth from harsh criminal penalties for simple possession of five grams or less €” will encourage use among Canada’s youth. Several Conservative MPs cite Colorado and Washington as examples to demonstrate that legalization will lead to escalating youth cannabis use. But did youth usage really increase in these states after legalization?

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